The Duke of Alva meets with the States-General at Brussels and
demands that they grant heavy tax levies. These included the Tenth
Penny, a permanent 10% sales tax which would give the government a
new financial independence and enable greater centralisation.
However, this met with concerted opposition from the Dutch people.
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Editors. "Duke of Alva demands heavy taxes from the States-General at Brussels". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=15088, accessed 22 August 2017.]