Editors. "Lewis of Nassau takes Valenciennes from the Spanish". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=15140, accessed 24 May 2013.]
An army of Calvinist Dutch rebels led by Lewis of Nassau takes Valenciennes from the Spanish. However, it is recaptured by the Duke of Alva in July.