Editors. "James VI of Scotland escapes from his Ruthven captors". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2011; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=15286, accessed 20 April 2015.]
James VI of Scotland escapes from the hands of the Ruthven raiders, who had taken him captive in August 1582. He takes refuge in St. Andrews, and creates James Stewart, soon to be Lord Chancellor, as Earl of Arran.
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