Editors. "Spain captures Ostend from the Dutch". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=15603, accessed 18 December 2013.]
After a siege of three and a half years, Ambrogio de Spinola, an Italian nobleman serving as a Spanish general, finally manages to take Ostend from the Dutch.