From 1900-1914, Inghinidhe na hÈireann [the Daughters of Erin] served as the primary (and, at times, the only) Nationalist organization for Irish women. Founded by the infamous Irish activist Maude Gonne, the Daughters quickly became one of the more successful and radical embodiments of the growing independence movement in Ireland. While the organization generally avoided direct participation in military and political campaigns, their activities provided some of the most public demonstrations of nationalist resolve in turn-of-the-century Ireland, and thus served to add momentum to the “physical force” arm of the nationalist movement.
The Daughters grew out of the “Patriotic Children’s Treat Committee”, an …
Cusack, George. "Inghinidhe na hÈireann [The Daughters of Erin]". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 17 June 2005
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=1562, accessed 21 January 2017.]