Editors. "Richelieu arrests Charles, Pretender to the Palatinate". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=16153, accessed 13 December 2013.]
Cardinal Richelieu manages to obtain the arrest at Moulins of Charles Louis, son of Frederick V of the Palatinate and claimant to its Electorate.