Russian children’s literature has a rich tradition rooted in the medieval culture and religious education promoted by Russian priests and monks. For example The Primary Chronicle compiled in Kiev in 1113 describes efforts by Prince Vladimir in 988 to create a particular type of educational literature suitable for children. In the Middle Ages several centres promoted education and literacy in Russia, including the first school for girls based at the Andreev monastery in Kiev (opened in 1026) and the Polotsk school for girls (opened in 1143). The first printed book for children was published by Ivan Fedorov in Lviv: it included the Russian alphabet, stories relating the origin of Russian culture, and several prayers and poems …
Smith, Alexandra. "Russian Children's Literature". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 14 March 2011; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=16293, accessed 26 April 2015.]