Editors. "Rebels in France are defeated at Etampes by Royalist forces". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 April 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=16359, accessed 11 March 2014.]
At the Battle of Etampes, a joint force of Frondeur rebels and Condé's Spanish mercenaries, are defeated by a Royalist army under Turenne.