Editors. "Condé signs alliances with Philip of Spain and the Duke of Lorraine". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 April 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=16367, accessed 24 April 2014.]
In the aftermath of the collapse of the Fronde revolt, the Prince of Condé moves into open hostility to France by signing alliances with both Philip IV of Spain and the Duke of Lorraine.