Editors. "Duquesne defeats De Ruyter at Catania, off Messina". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 April 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=16632, accessed 23 December 2014.]
French naval commander Duquesne defeats a Dutch fleet under De Ruyter at Catania, off the Italian coast of Messina.
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