Board of Agriculture founded

(114 words)
  • Editors

Historical Context Note

The Board of Agriculture was founded in 1793 by Sir John Sinclair (1754-1835), M. P. 1870-1811, who became its first president (1793-8) and served a second term (1806-13); he also saw the Enclosure Bill of 1796 through the Commons. Sinclair was assisted in founding the Board by Arthur Young (1741-1820, on whom please see our profile) who acted as secretary from 1793. Sinclar was a scientific agriculturalist and Young a journalist and failed farmer who made a long career out of writing propaganda for agricultural improvements. The Board was established to gather information and publish reports on agriculture during a time of enclosures, rapid change in farming methods and food shortages consequent on the war with France.

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Citation:
Editors. "Board of Agriculture founded". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 January 2007
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=1719, accessed 23 October 2014.]