Editors. "Philip V of Spain abdicates during a fit of religious mania". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 April 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=17280, accessed 11 December 2013.]
Philip V of Spain abdicates, possibly due to awareness of his own mental instability, in favour of his son Luis. However, his reign lasts only until his death of smallpox the following August. After this, Philip is forced to return to the throne, since his younger son was not old enough to rule.