Editors. "Villars and Chauvelin urge a French alliance with Spain against England". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 April 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=17355, accessed 06 December 2013.]
French ministers Villars and Chauvelin urge Louis XV to make an alliance with Spain against England. This leads to a treaty the following November.