The Newbery Medal is the oldest children’s book award in the world. It has been given each year since 1922 by the American Library Association (ALA) to the writer of the book chosen as “the most distinguished contribution to American literature for children published by an American publisher in the United States in English during the preceding year” (“Terms and Criteria”). Besides weighing each contender’s appropriateness for its audience and its contribution to American literature, the selection committee is to consider “Interpretation of the theme or concept; presentation of information including accuracy, clarity, and organization; development of a plot; delineation of characters; delineation …
Burke, Richard C. . "The Newbery Medal". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 09 June 2011; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=17631, accessed 25 April 2015.]