The term neoavanguardia (neo-avant-garde) refers to an experimental literary movement that originated in Italy at the end of the 1950s as a reaction to the backwardness of Italian culture following the euphoria of the immediate postwar years. Among the characteristics of the Italian neo-avant-garde are a vehement critique of mass culture and rebellion against the oppressive ideology and language of the dominant bourgeois discourse.
After WWII Italy moved slowly from a rural to an industrial economy, becoming one of the major industrial nations of the West. In the context of this economic boom, while in the rest of Europe and North America the artistic scene was thriving, worn-out literary tendencies continued to dominate …
Annovi, Gian-Maria. "Neoavanguardia". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 21 November 2012
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=17674, accessed 26 October 2016.]