Editors. "Ferdinand VII of Spain refuses to leave Madrid despite French invasion". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 December 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=17839, accessed 22 September 2014.]
Ferdinand VII of Spain refuses to leave Madrid in the face of French invasion. In response, he is declared to be temporarily incapacitated, and a provisional Regency of the Cortes is established to replace him.
Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are not a subscriber, please click here to read about membership. All our articles have been written recently by experts in their field, more than 95% of them university professors.