Editors. "Revolts in Saxony, Hesse and Brunswick". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 December 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=17935, accessed 18 December 2013.]
In Germany, revolts break out in Saxony, Hesse and Brunswick. In these principalities, rulers are dethroned and constitutions granted in response to the demands of the rebels.