Editors. "Republican Provisional government is proclaimed in France". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 December 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=18129, accessed 11 December 2013.]
In France, King Louis Philippe abdicates in favour of his grandson, Philippe Comte de Paris. However, the people refuse to accept this, and instead proclaim a Republican Provisional government under the leadership of Alphonse de Lamartine.