Editors. "British fleet ordered to assemble off Dardanelles". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 December 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=18285, accessed 20 December 2013.]
The British government sends its fleet to assemble off the Dardanelles, in support of the Ottoman Empire against Russia. They arrive there on 13th, and are joined by a French squadron the following day.