Robert Peel had briefly served as Prime Minister from December 1834 to April 1835, when King William IV, dissatisfied with the Whigs, ordered that the Tories be permitted to form a government. Peel called a general election to try to accumulate a majority in Parliament, but when the election result did not emerge in his favour, he was forced to resign, and allow the Whigs to take over again. Six years later, he now had another chance to take the helm. By this time he had already served as Home Secretary and Chancellor of the Exchequer, so he was an experienced politician. He presided over several pieces of reforming legislation, including the Mines Act of 1842, and the Factory Act of 1844. He was Tory by inclination, and did not support …
Editors. "Sir Robert Peel becomes Prime Minister for the second time". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 August 2013; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=1851, accessed 27 April 2015.]