Editors. "Isabella of Spain abdicates in Paris in favour of Alfonso XII". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 December 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=18570, accessed 18 December 2013.]
Queen Isabella II of Spain, exiled to Paris, abdicates in favour of her son Alfonso XII. However, for the moment, Spain continues as a republic in the wake of the revolution of the previous year.