Editors. "Dismissal of Midhat Pasha, leader of the Turkish Liberals". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 December 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=18727, accessed 12 December 2013.]
In Turkey, Midhat Pasha, grand vizier and leader of the Liberals, with an ambitious programme of reforms, is dismissed from his governmental position and banished.