Editors. "Treaty of Berlin divides Bulgaria". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 December 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=18769, accessed 10 December 2013.]
The Treaty of Berlin is signed by Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Austria-Hungary, Russia and the Ottoman Empire, as a revision of the Treaty of San Stefano which had ended the war between Russia and the Ottomans in March. By the terms of this new agreement, Bulgaria is split into (a) autonomous Bulgaria, north of the Balkans, (b) Eastern Rumelia, with a special organisation under the control of Turkey, and (c) Macedonia, where reforms are to be undertaken.