Editors. "Kilmainham 'treaty' between Parnell and Britain for an amnesty". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 December 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=18854, accessed 09 December 2013.]
Gladstone's British government and Irish nationalist leader Charles Parnell sign the Kilmainham 'treaty', whereby Gladstone makes concessions to the nationalist movement. He grants an amnesty for rent arrears on the condition that Parnell seeks to end the ongoing disorders.