Editors. "Paul Kruger becomes President of South African Republic". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 December 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=18870, accessed 17 April 2014.]
Paul Kruger becomes President of the independent Boer-ruled South African Republic in the Transvaal. The descendent of German immigrants to South Africa in the early eighteenth century, he had held political posts in the colony since the 1850s.