Editors. "Francesco Crispi forms ministry in Italy". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 December 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=18977, accessed 12 December 2013.]
After the death of Italian Prime Minister Agostino Depretis, he is succeeded by his colleague Francesco Crispi, also of the left-wing Democratic party.