Editors. "Franco-Russian military convention". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 December 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=19079, accessed 07 December 2013.]
France and Russia sign a military convention, promising that if either country is attacked by any of the members of the Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy), the other will provide military assistance.