Editors. "Joseph Chamberlain criticises Russia and leans towards USA and Germany". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 December 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=19258, accessed 18 December 2013.]
Joseph Chamberlain, British Secretary of State for the Colonies, makes a speech at Birmingham in which he criticises Russia and bids for the friendship of the USA and Germany. This creates an unfavourable impression both in Britain and overseas.