A complex and long undervalued literary, artistic, and social movement, the Scapigliatura developed in late nineteenth-century Italy, becoming the main actor of the post-Unification cultural scene. The term “scapigliatura”, borrowed from Cletto Arrighi’s novel La Scapigliatura e il 6 febbraio (The Scapigliatura and February 6th) (1862), evokes the French bohème for the irregular, at times disheveled (the very meaning of the word “scapigliato”) life-style and the antagonistic attitude towards society of many of its exponents. Although mostly members of the bourgeoisie, these intellectuals were in fact at odds with their social class and fostered a radical social …
Corradi, Morena. "Scapigliatura". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 26 March 2013; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=19320, accessed 27 April 2015.]