The adaptation of literary fiction into comics, manga and graphic novels occupies a vast creative field, in the consideration of which one must include the history and development of this form of intermedial, transpositional activity. An article of this size and nature cannot claim to cover the field exhaustively, but will introduce it in a general way and dwell on a small set of cases to exemplify the variety of ways in which graphic sequential art has engaged with works of literary fiction. The present text discusses some theoretical implications of adapting what is essentially a verbal form into the multi-modal, verbal-visual form of graphic sequential art, “comics” or “manga”; it then moves on to outline the h…
Myklebost, Svenn-Arve. "Literary Adaptations into Comic/Graphic Novel Form". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 05 May 2014; last revised .
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=19356, accessed 04 July 2015.]