The third son of William the Conqueror, William "Rufus" succeeded to the throne of England upon his father's death in 1086, while his elder brother Robert took over the lands of Normandy. For the first two years of his reign, the Archbishop of Canterbury, Lanfranc, continued in the role of chief advisor he had held under William I. On Lanfranc's death in 1089, however, he appointed Anselm as Archbishop. This led to protracted conflict between king and archbishop, since Anselm advocated Gregorian reforms that William was not prepared to implement. In 1096, Robert of Normandy joined the First Crusade, and left his kingdom in the care of William in return for a huge sum of 10,000 marks. William raised this through taxation - an action that …
Editors. "Reign of William II, William Rufus". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 31 July 2012; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=1949, accessed 25 April 2015.]