The Battle of Bouvines (in the far north of modern France) formed the decisive conclusion to the Anglo-French War that had been fought over the past twelve years. Philip Augustus of France decisively defeated King John of England, and put an end to his attempts to regain control over the lands of his Angevin Empire. The battle had far-reaching consequences for both winners and losers. It enabled Philip II to take control of what had been the Angevin Empire, along the western sea-board of modern France. The English army had been led by Otto IV of Germany, who was deposed from his throne in response to his failure. King John, meanwhile, was forced by his English barons, who had contributed heavily to the costs of the war, to sign the …
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Editors. "Battle of Bouvines". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 31 July 2012
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=1966, accessed 23 August 2017.]