Earl of Northumberland defeated at Bramham Moor

(132 words)

Historical Context Note

The Battle of Bramham Moor marked the failure and end of the rebellion of the Percy family - the Earls of Northumberland - against the rule of Henry IV of England. They had helped to gain the throne for Henry in 1399, but soon became resentful at the behaviour of this new king, and in 1403 Henry Percy, known as 'Hotspur', joined with his uncle, Thomas Percy, Earl of Worcester, in an armed rebellion. They formed an alliance with Owain Glyndwr, the Welsh independence fighter and self-styled Prince of Wales. The young Henry 'Hotspur' had been killed in the opening battle of the revolt, at Shrewsbury in 1402. Six years later, his father made one more attempt to seize the throne, but was defeated by royalist forces and killed in battle …

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