In his final years, Henry VIII attempted to regain some of the glory he had enjoyed in the early years of his reign (with, for example, the Battle of the Spurs of 1513). He allied with the embattled Holy Roman Emperor Charles V against an alliance of France and the Ottoman Empire. The war saw heavy attacks by the Franco-Ottoman forces on the Low Countries and Nice, and, in 1544, a joint invasion of France. However, by 1546, it had effectively reached a stalemate, and was eventually ended by the Treaty of Ardres.
England at war with France (90 words)
Historical Context Note
Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are a member (student of staff) of a subscribing institution (see List), you should be able to access the LE on campus directly (without the need to log in), and off-campus either via the institutional log in we offer, or via your institution's remote access facilities, or by creating a personal user account with your institutional email address. If you are not a member of a subscribing institution, you will need to purchase a personal subscription. For more information on how to subscribe as an individual user, please see under Individual Subcriptions.