Before the Nine Years' War (1594-1603), the Irish province of Ulster, in the north-east of the island, had been largely beyond the control of the English government. Land use was very longstanding and traditional. There were few towns, and many Gaelic farmers had a migrant lifestyle known as 'creaghting', based around the seasons and their cattle. After the rebellions of the 1590s against English influence, however, the rebel chieftains' lands were seized, and James VI and I made a concerted effort to Anglicize the region through a deliberate policy of 'plantation'. Landowners and tenant farmers from England and Scotland were brought to Ireland. There were also attempts to convert the local Catholic population to Protestantism, though t…
First attempts to found English colony in Ulster (128 words)
Historical Context Note
Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are a member (student of staff) of a subscribing institution (see List), you should be able to access the LE on campus directly (without the need to log in), and off-campus either via the institutional log in we offer, or via your institution's remote access facilities, or by creating a personal user account with your institutional email address. If you are not a member of a subscribing institution, you will need to purchase a personal subscription. For more information on how to subscribe as an individual user, please see under Individual Subcriptions.