In the Treaty of London, signed on 11th August, Charles I had agreed to a document that gave very favourable terms to the Scots at the end of the Bishops' Wars. It effectively took responsibility for the wars onto English shoulders, promising to pay ?300,000 as recompense for the losses and damage they had suffered. It also accepted the Scots' fundamental opposition to the imposition of an English Prayer Book, agreeing to the complete abolition of episcopacy in the Scottish church. After this agreement was made, Charles I travelled up to Edinburgh in the hope of placating his critics there, and gaining some much needed support.
Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are not a subscriber, please click here to read about membership. All our articles have been written recently by experts in their field, more than 95% of them university professors.