In the aftermath of King Charles's surrender in May 1646, the obvious course of action for other Royalist areas was to give in to the Parliamentarians. However, the 155 inhabitants of Pendennis Castle in Cornwall, a stalwart of the Royalist cause, continued to withstand a siege. They only surrendered as a result of imminent starvation on 17th August, after they had been besieged for five months. This was the last Royalist position in the West Country, leaving only the Welsh strongholds of Raglan and Harlech castles.
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