In an attempt to prevent the Commonwealth taking control of Ireland, Prince Rupert of the Rhine had taken a fleet of ships to Kinsale in 1649. Parliamentarian admiral Robert Blake blockaded Rupert in Kinsale habour at the time, and after Rupert's ships escaped to Lisbon, Blake followed him. From March to September 1650, Prince Rupert was blockaded in Lisbon harbour, and even when he escaped into the Mediterranean he was pursued by Blake, who managed to catch up with him at Cartagena and damage the fleet. In October 1650, Rupert eventually made a decisive escape into the Atlantic.
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