France formally recognises the Commonwealth of England

(70 words)

Historical Context Note

The English Commonwealth was an explicitly republican, anti-monarchist and radical Protestant state, so it is unsurprising that it was greeted with hostility by the France of Louis XIV and Cardinal Mazarin. In July 1652, the French envoy to England was dismissed because France refused to recognise the Commonwealth. In December, however, they gave in to circumstance, and eased relations between the two countries by giving the English Commonwealth their formal recognition.

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