In fighting the Anglo-Spanish War, Cromwell's Protectorate was intervening in a longer-term conflict between Europe's greatest powers, France and Spain. After the end of the Anglo-Dutch War the previous year, the British government decided to form an alliance with France, partly in order to be able to attack Spanish possessions in the West Indies. War had been declared when no parliament was sitting, but once the Second Protectorate Parliament met in the autumn of 1656, they gave their endorsement to the campaign. In the ensuing conflict, England took control of the island of Jamaica, and in through a joint operation with the French was awarded the port of Dunkirk. Spain and France ended their conflict in the Peace of the Pyrenees, in …
War with Spain endorsed by Parliament (142 words)
Historical Context Note
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