General Monck crosses the English border and bases his army at Coldstream

(140 words)

Historical Context Note


General George Monck was a professional soldier who managed successfully to switch sides during 1660, from a loyal member of the Protectorate army to an orchestrator of the Restoration. At this point, however, as a moderate Presbyterian, he was championing the rights of Parliament against the radical elements of the army led by Fleetwood and Lambert. Outraged at the army's dissolution of Parliament in October, he had begun to arrest soldiers in Scotland whom he considered unreliable or suspicious. John Lambert, however, saw this as a threat to the authority of the army, and travelled north with at least 10 000 troops, reaching Newcastle in mid-November. He had undertaken this march in an attempt to prevent Monck entering England, but on …

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are a member (student of staff) of a subscribing institution (see List), you should be able to access the LE on campus directly (without the need to log in), and off-campus either via the institutional log in we offer, or via your institution's remote access facilities, or by creating a personal user account with your institutional email address. If you are not a member of a subscribing institution, you will need to purchase a personal subscription. For more information on how to subscribe as an individual user, please see under Individual Subcriptions.