The countries granted independence are: Chad, Niger, Gabon, French Congo, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Ivory Coast, Togo, Upper Volta, Mali, Mauritania, Dahomey, and Madagascar
Editors. "France grants independence to several African nations". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2010; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=3369, accessed 26 April 2015.]