Daniel O'Connell, the longstanding activist for Irish independence, had given up his seat in the Westminster Parliament to become Lord Mayor of Dublin. He continued his campaign via a new organisation, the Repeal Association, which he used to arrange public meetings so huge (sometimes attended by 100 000 people) that they were known as 'Monster Meetings'. One of these was planned to take place in 1843 at Clontarf, just outside Dublin, but Prime Minister Robert Peel, concerned at the potential for violence, banned it. Even though O'Connell obeyed this ruling and cancelled it, he was arrested, charged with conspiring against the British government, and found guilty. He was sentenced to a year's imprisonment, although he was released after …
Editors. "Daniel O'Connell found guilty of conspiring against British rule". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 August 2013; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=4868, accessed 25 April 2015.]