The Treaty of Amity and Commerce between the United States and Japan was signed on the 29th of July, 1858. It opened the ports of Edo, Kobe, Nagasaki, Niigata, and Yokohama to American trade and allowed US citizens to live and trade in those ports under the rule of American consular courts.
Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are a member (student of staff) of a subscribing institution (see List), you should be able to access the LE on campus directly (without the need to log in), and off-campus either via the institutional log in we offer, or via your institution's remote access facilities, or by creating a personal user account with your institutional email address. If you are not a member of a subscribing institution, you will need to purchase a personal subscription. For more information on how to subscribe as an individual user, please see under Individual Subcriptions.