By March 1861 seven southern slave states, South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana and Texas, had declared their independence and seceded from the United States, forming the Confederate States of America (1861-1865). They were followed by a further 4 states, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee and North Carolina after the start of the American Civil War in April 1861. The Confederacy was not recognised by the government of the US (The Union).
Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are not a subscriber, please click here to read about membership. All our articles have been written recently by experts in their field, more than 95% of them university professors.