Ministers from the USA, Britain, Russia, Holland, France and Japan received by the Chinese Emperor

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Historical Context Note

  • The Literary Encyclopedia. Volume Ancient and Classical Chinese Writing and Culture, -600-1900.

In 1873 China's Qing dynasty emperor Tongzhi (27th April, 1856 - 12th January, 1875) granted an audience to representatives of the US, Great Britain, Russia, Holland, France and Japan at the Hall of the Radiant Dawn in the Lake Palace.

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