Under the British premiership of William Ewert Gladstone, an Irish Land Act had been passed in 1870 in order to try to give poor tenants better protection from eviction or disruption. This was, however, relatively ineffectual, even counter-productive, since few tenants were able to take their landlords up on the provisions detailed in the Act. In 1881, partly in response to the effects of the 'Long Depression', which had begun in 1873 and was to continue until 1897, a second Act was passed. This gave tenants firmer security in their homes, although not universally the proprietorship that some were now calling for. It laid down 'fair rents', which would be fixed by land courts for fifteen years, and stated that the only grounds for …
Editors. "Land Act (2)". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 August 2013; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=5264, accessed 27 April 2015.]