In July 1887 David Kalakaua (16th November, 1836 - 20th January, 1891), the last reigning monarch of the Kingdom of Hawaii, signed the 1887 Constitution of the Kingdom of Hawaii. Kalakaua was forced to sign the document under threat of violence and hence it is often called the 'Bayonet Constitution'. It introduced a constitutional monarchy, disenfranchised the native population of Hawaii and empowered the propertied white community of Europeans and Americans.
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