This was in response to the flood of immigrants fleeing persecution in Eastern and Central Europe. Twenty million immigrants passed through it before it was closed in 1954.
Editors. "Immigration office opened on Ellis Island". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2010; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=5377, accessed 27 April 2015.]