The various elements that comprised the industrial revolution came together in Britain between 1750 and 1830, making possible radical improvements in economic production and progressively changing every aspect of social life. Whilst the process was lengthy, and involved many discrete steps, the overall shift was from a predominantly rural country with a few large cities living off trade and administration, to a country with many large industrial cities engaged in manufacturing. Similar developmental processes then followed in Europe and the United States, and then elsewhere. Key to all these changes is the development of mechanized technologies producing goods in capital-intensive factories, and improvements in agricultural production …
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Clark, Robert. "Industrial Revolution". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 28 October 2005
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=553, accessed 27 May 2017.]